In recent articles, César Lerena showed the terrible fishing and Malvinas policies that are carried out in Argentina.

28 de April de 2023 09:51

Illegal fishing boats in the main port of Uruguay

In recent articles ( César Lerena “Train the Undersecretary of Fisheries”, 4/10/2023 and “The fishing model is set back 50 years”, 4/22/2023 ) we show with the most absolute crudeness the terrible fishing policies and those related to the Malvinas that are carried out in Argentina. Now, when it comes to eradicating or minimizing illegal fishing (IUU) in the Southwestern Atlantic, we cannot stop talking about the equally reprehensible policies carried out by those responsible for Fisheries in the sister Republic of the Uruguay.

I will refer to this in my dual capacity as an heir to oriental blood and concerned about the sustainability of species in the Southwest Atlantic, something that should concern Argentines and Uruguayans alike.

For many years we have been writing articles related to the need for the people of the River Plate to develop agreements aimed at improving the administration of the Southwest Atlantic and combating illegal fishing (IUU); practice that threatens the sovereignty of both countries, their economies and the sustainability of the ecosystem. The lack of interest of the Argentine government - the one mainly responsible - and what we understand to be an erroneous policy in this matter of the Chancellor Francisco Bustillo and the Minister of Livestock, Agriculture and Fishing Fernando Mattos led us on February 20, 2023 to write “ Uruguay collaborates with the British occupation in the Malvinas .”

Here we said that in the meeting reported by the Foreign Ministry (IP 067/23) Ministers Bustillo and Cafiero had met without discussing the issues being carried out by the President of Uruguay Lacalle Pou that affect the sovereignty of Argentina in the South Atlantic and Malvinas. Nor did the Foreign Ministers refer to the fact that four deputies from the government coalition discussed in the Malvinas with the islanders issues related to their self-determination, fishing and trade agreements outside MERCOSUR, thus interfering in issues related to sovereignty. Argentina. Deputy Felipe Schipani proposed on that occasion: “increasing commercial exchange with the Malvinas” ( Penguin, 2/10/2023 ), thus referring to the Argentine Malvinas like no other Spanish-speaking country.

We also denounce that more than 700 foreign vessels operating in the Port of Montevideo illegally capture (IUU) Argentine fishing resources in the Malvinas and migratory resources originating from the EEZ on the high seas and vice versa; violating -Uruguay- the CELAC declarations of 2011 and 2014, etc. that former president Pepe Mujica had initially complied with. What happens in the aforementioned port violates the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS), the FAO regulations regarding illegal fishing (IUU) and articles 74, 80 and 82 of the Río de la Plata Treaty. The Uruguayan declarations in favor of Argentine sovereignty have become rhetoric without any real effect.

On that same occasion we said that by the UNASUR Resolution given in Asunción on 3/17/2012, the Foreign Ministers rejected the exploitation by the United Kingdom of the natural resources of the South Atlantic and decided to prohibit ships from entering the ports. with illegal Malvinas flag.

Uruguay has shown its intention to break the commercial unity of MERCOSUR and Brazil and Argentina have had to intervene to oppose the attempt by the president of Uruguay to establish a free trade agreement with China (La Nación, 7/15/2022); issue, that in recent days Foreign Minister Bustillo declared that there are significant advances in this sense, whose consequences, we understand, would be very serious for both countries, since it would provoke a commercial invasion of China in the region and the consolidation of the most important fleet fishing industry in the world that today fishes illegally (IUU) in the Southwest Atlantic and South Pacific.For this to be happening, there was no progress in River Plate integration, when in 1960 in Montevideo the Latin American Free Trade Association (ALALC), then ALADI and also MERCOSUR were created.

By the way, the policies carried out by Argentina regarding the Malvinas have been faltering and many times the Uruguayans have accused the national government of being the first to not defend their interests, such is the case of the current Malvinas Secretariat that has not done anything else. thing of trying to promote dialogue with the United Kingdom, cooperate unilaterally and seek support from third parties, without carrying out any active policy to comply with the National Constitution. Right now, “the Nova Florida reefer ship flying the Bahamas flag of convenience that raises the illex squid that the Chinese catch outside mile 200, loads food and supplies in Mar del Plata” and “this fleet that operates 10 thousand miles from its ports, is sustainable due to the logistical support that both the United Kingdom and Uruguay "they lend him," Pescare denounced ( 4/24/2023 ). A regrettable ineptitude and irresponsibility of the secretaries of Malvinas, Fisheries and Ports of Argentina.

In 2018 we said ( César Lerena “ El Atlántico Sur alienado”, 7/14/2018 ) that for years hundreds of vessels have been seen with illegal licenses from the British to fish in the Malvinas or vessels that capture migratory or associated species from the Argentine EEZ. , to the point that in 2015 359 foreign vessels operated in Montevideo and, a year later, the Chamber of Foreign Fisheries Agents (CAPE) was created.   This Port becomes the most important logistical support in the South Atlantic for the ships that prey on the Argentine sea, which is carried out in fuel replacement; replacement of crews; catch transshipment; assembly and food replacement; incorporation of inputs and repair of ships, etc.; representing for that country an income of 300 million dollars annually ( Baubeta Mario; Mercopress, 12/20/11 ), which should be taken into account when making possible agreements between Uruguay and Argentina.

We also remember ( César Lerena “The South Atlantic. A Zone of Peace and Cooperation in Conflict”, 11/3/2020 ) that the three coastal states of eastern South America (Argentina, Brazil andUruguay) signed the “ South Atlantic Peace and Cooperation Zone” and that this is the appropriate area to also deal with issues related to drug trafficking, slave labor, smuggling and organized crime. Topics on which Argentina should agree, especially with Uruguay , regarding support for Asian fishing vessels (Chinese, Korean and Taiwanese) that arrive at their ports; but, also the cases of Spanish vessels that capture illegally in the Malvinas, because both Spain and Uruguay have recognized the Argentine sovereignty of the Malvinas and are aware of the resolution not to innovate of the United Nations 31/49 of 1976. In Luanda and Montevideo Some central issues were addressed, such as the Malvinas issue, the Law of the Sea and illegal fishing (IUU); issues that the government of Uruguay does not seem to pay attention to.

Everything happens, with a high degree of autism on the part of both governments, in a context where the voracity of developed countries does not take stupidity into account, since they come for our resources without contemplation.

In this scenario, in recent days, the Director of DINARA (National Directorate of Aquatic Resources) Jaime Coronel (Radio Sarandí, 3/29/2023), referring to the security of the port of Montevideo and illegal fishing, stated that, to him as well as to Veterinarians like to “cut and separate” and even though this is not true, because the main function of that profession in any of its fields (health, production, public health) is preventive and not surgery, in matters related to the control of illegal fishing (IUU), international, regional and national policies must be vigorously applied to eradicate a scourge that extracts natural resources of the order of 20 billion dollars annually from Latin America and the Caribbean, impoverishing its towns and taking away the competitiveness of companies from the coastal States.

The aforementioned director cannot state that “the port of Montevideo is safe and no illegal fishing (IUU) is landed because the warehouses are checked and satellite monitoring is carried out.”The inspection of the warehouses is not a sufficient and ideal way to determine the origin and traceability, especially when the catches are not controlled.

By Agenda Malvinas


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